1. Which statement about subatomic particles is not true? Protons and electrons have opposite charges. Neutrons have no electrical charge. Protons and neutrons have the same charge. Protons and neutrons have nearly the same mass.2.Which term describes the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in an atom?mass numbernuclear chargeatomic chargeatomic number3.Which is not part of John Dalton’s atomic theory? All elements are composed of atoms.Atoms are made up of smaller particles.Atoms of different elements have different masses.4.All atoms of the same element have the same mass.Dalton’s model of an atom is best described as _____.a scoop of chocolate chip ice creama solar systema clouda solid sphere5.Who provided the first evidence that atoms contain subatomic particles?J. J. ThomsonErnest RutherfordJohn Dalton6.Which statement about electrons and atomic orbitals is not true? An atom’s lowest energy level has only one orbital.An electron has the same amount of energy in all orbitals.An electron cloud represents all the orbitals in an atom.An orbital can contain a maximum of two electrons.7.How is heavy water different from normal water?A hydrogen atom in heavy water has an extra proton.A hydrogen atom in heavy water has an extra neutron.An oxygen atom in heavy water has an extra neutron.An oxygen atom in heavy water has an extra proton.8.What experimental evidence did Thomson use to support his hypothesis that atoms are made up of even smaller, charged particles?The glowing beam was always deflected by charged plates.Identical particles were produced no matter which metal he used.The particles all had the same mass as a hydrogen atom.9.Atoms may emit light energy when _____.electrons move to a higher energy levelprotons move to a higher energy levelprotons move to a lower energy levelelectrons move to a lower energy level10.Which term describes the region in which an electron is most likely to be found?isotopepathorbitalcloud11.According to Dalton, if 2 grams of element X combine with 4 grams of element Y to form compound XY, how many grams of element X would combine with 28 grams of element Y to form the same compound?281475612.An electron is a particle with a _____.positive charge, found outside the nucleusnegative charge, found in the nucleuspositive charge, found in the nucleusnegative charge, found outside the nucleus13.The glow of a neon light is caused by electrons emitting energy as they _____.move from higher to lower energy levelscollide with the nucleusmove from lower to higher energy levelscollide with other electrons14.To find the number of neutrons in an atom, subtract its _____.atomic number from its mass numbermass number from its atomic numberisotope number from its atomic number15.Which is the best analogy describing the location of an electron in an atomic orbital?pins on a map plotting your location every minute of a school daythe path of a bee moving from flower to flower in a gardenfree-thrown basketballs bouncing on a basketball court

Accepted Solution

number two is the atomic number